The origins of a Canadian Coast Guard can be traced to as far back as the 1700s when the first lifeboats and lighthouses were established in Eastern Canada. The various governments that preceded a unified Canada had their own patrol vessels which began to appear along the eastern seaboard and in the Great Lakes in the 1800s.
In 2005, the Canadian Coast Guard was officially declared a â€œspecial operating agencyâ€ of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. At present, the services covered under this arrangement include:
- Aids to Navigation
- Search and Rescue
- Maritime Security
- Environmental Response
- Marine Communications and Traffic Services
- Scientific Research, and
- Waterways Management
Today, the CCG is not only responsible for the longest coastline of any given country, but it is also responsible for the safe circulation of international commercial ships who cross our borders, the Canadian citizens who take pleasure in navigating our lakes and oceans during boating season, and for providing services to our Northern communities.